The Internet of Things is becoming an increasingly growing topic of conversation both in the workplace and outside of it.
The famous proverb says: “Necessity is the mother of invention.” Do you agree? I totally agree with these words. When people feel necessity or want to ease their life, they invent such great things as radio, TV, car or smart devices. My favourite example is TV evolution. You know, heretofore were TVs with buttons on it. But then people got necessity to switch channels distantly, because it’s easier and now we use RCU. And this is the usual development path, which leads to inevitable inventions. Hundred years ago sci-fi writers predicted lots of modern inventions and smart devices.
John Brunner's “Stand on Zanzibar” predicted satellite TV and electric cars. This dystopian novel was first published in 1968 and takes place in 2010. In Brunner's novel, the United States is grappling with overpopulation and widening social divides.
Arthur C. Clarke's "2001: A Space Odyssey” predicted the iPad. This 1968 sci-fi book about an alien civilization creating intelligent life on Earth is filled with serious themes like nuclear war, evolution, and the perils of artificial intelligence in the form of the super computer HAL 9000.
I want to say that it was only matter of time, when all these predictions become truth. So, now it happened, lots of sci-fi predictions were turned into reality. Now we use our modern smart devices and we don’t even think, that some time ago they unexisted. Today we meet the new prediction and its name is Internet of Things.
Internet of Things concept was created in 1999 year. But the 2009 is known as the birth of the Internet of Things, because the amount of smart devices, connected to the Internet surpassed the world’s population number. These smart devices were desktops, laptops, tablets, smartphones, vehicle, home appliances etc. At that moment Internet of People became the Internet of Things.
What is Internet of Things ?
Internet of Things is a computing concept that describes the idea of everyday physical objects being connected to the internet and being able to identify themselves to other devices. There are vehicles, buildings, electronic devices etc. This is the phenomenon, which gains tractions and becomes an ordinary thing. As a rule Internet of Things bound up with the word “smart”, you know all smart devices, like smart houses, smart watches, smart vehicles, smart city etc. So, why do we call them “smart devices”? Any man-made object, which assigned IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network is part of Internet of Things. According to Steve Leibson, who identifies himself as “occasional docent at the Computer History Museum,” the address space expansion means that we could “assign an IPV6 address to every atom on the surface of the earth, and still have enough addresses left to do another 100+ earths.” In other words, humans could easily assign an IP address to every "thing" on the planet. An increase in the number of smart nodes, as well as the amount of upstream data the nodes generate, is expected to raise new concerns about data privacy, data sovereignty and security.
These smart devices with IP address would communicate to each other via Internet. You wonder, how could smart devices know everything. Just imagine! Since 2000 computer chess programs win real people. So, we can make conclusion, that since 2000 computers became smarter, than people. We live in digital era, when smart devices “rule the world”.
How does Internet of Things work?
The rule of brave new world is "Anything that can be connected, will be connected." You wonder, why so many smart devices should be connected to talk to each other. I’ll tell you. What if you’re driving at work, but you forgot to turn off your iron at home, it’s not a problem with the Internet of Things, because you can easily turn it off by using your smartphone. This is how Internet of Things works. Do you agree that smart devices are really smart? Isn’t it just automation? Let’s see. What if you wake up in the morning and your phone notifies your kettle to boil water and toaster to make toasts and in 5 minutes you get ready breakfast without any efforts. I think it means, that smart devices are really smart. These are predictions about future, but Internet of Things is right here, right now. Your smart devices know the location of your work, location of your house, time when you leave the house, time when you leave work and according to distance and traffic jams count auto approximate time, which you need to go home and warn about traffic jams.
Internet of Things is our future. This is futuristic world, which became truth. Do you remember futuristic Avatar? There was kind of “dense network”, which was a communicative bridge and source of inexhaustible knowledge, and which communicate to nature, people, animals and all the world. In the offing material and virtual smart devices would be connected and would communicate in the same way. For example we expect such notion, as smart house and even more, smart city, which can help us reduce waste and improve efficiency for things such as energy use; this helping us understand and improve how we work and live.
With the Internet of Things there are limitless opportunities for business and society. Soon we will have 5 billion connected things. Meet, Internet of Things is here to stay.